side effects

Opioid analgesics are widely accepted as first-line treatment for moderate to severe cancer pain: while their use in patients with non-cancer pain syndromes has increased substantially over the last years. However, opioid analgesia produces numerous adverse effects. These effects have a negative impact on patient’s quality of life, may impair adherence to treatment and finally limitate opioid use.

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Opioid analgesics have finally joined the treatment of chronic non-cancer pain. In many cases, the problems that emerge from long-term use of opioids, can outweigh the benefits from its use. These problems usually refer to somatic disturbances but quite often they affect the psychological milieu.

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