2019

• EDITORIAL - DISASTER MEDICINE RESEARCH: TRENDS AND BIBLIOMETRIC ANALYSIS.
• Η ΗΘΙΚΗ ΤΗΣ ΑΝΑΖΩΟΓΟΝΗΣΗΣ ΜΕ ΤΑ ΜΑΤΙΑ ΑΥΤΩΝ ΠΟΥ ΤΗΝ ΕΦΑΡΜΟΖΟΥΝ.
• REGIONAL ANESTHESIA AS AN INDIVIDUALIZED APPROACH FOR A PATIENT WITH SYRINGOEMYELIA AND SEVERE PULMONARY HYPERTENSION UNDERGOING SURGERY FOR HIP FRACTURE. A CASE REPORT.
• METFORMIN – ASSOCIATED LACTIC ACIDOSIS TREATED WITH CONTINUOUS RENAL REPLACEMENT THERAPY IN A CRITICALLY ILL PATIENT: CASE REPORT AND REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE. Continue reading
Major disasters have always occurred, but their increasing frequency over the last years has raised the importance of disaster medicine. Knowledge visualisation techniques, such as bibliometric maps, along with expert judgement, can help us identify the “blind spots” and eventually better prepare for such catastrophic events. Continue reading
Codes of ethics are considered as indispensable parameters of every aspect of medical care. When performing cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) ethical issues become even more important since cardiac arrest (CA) is directly related to death. The aim of this study was to record personal opinions and everyday clinical practice approaches of healthcare professionals (HCPs) regarding ethical issues related to CPR. HCPs answered a questionnaire consisting of 30 questions related to ethical issues in CPR on a voluntary basis. The study included 195 HCPs (88♂& 107♀). Out of the 195 HCPs, 95 were physicians, 71 nurses and 29 paramedics. 49 HCPs (25.1%) worked in the prehospital setting (EMS or Healthcare Centers) and 147 (74.9%) in hospitals. Continue reading
Anaesthetic management of patients with comorbidities can be challenging and requires rigorous planning. Peripheral nerve blocks (PNBs) do not compromise haemodynamics or pulmonary function. We present the management of a patient with symptomatic syringomyelia, severe pulmonary hypertension, thrombophilia and obstructive sleep apnoea undergoing hip fixation. Combined psoas compartment and sciatic nerve block was conducted and the patient remained stable perioperatively. She had an uneventful recovery and was discharged three days later. Patients with multiple comorbidities are subject to high perioperative risk and should be managed individually. Regional anaesthesia can be a last resort that leads to a better outcome. Continue reading
Though metformin is considered as first choice drug in type II diabetes, clinicians should be alert both for presence of potential contraindications to its use and to possible adverse reactions. Bad therapy compliance along and/or concomitant comorbidities may lead to serious toxicity. We hereby describe a case of extreme lactic acidosis- associated with metformin therapy- in an elder woman, managed with Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy in Intensive Care Unit environment. Short review of the literature about the place of renal replacement therapy in such cases is also discussed. Continue reading

Dear colleagues,

In this issue of the Greek e-journal of Perioperative Medicine the first article of Massa E, et al answers vital questions concerning urgent readmissions to the ICU. It emphasizes that although a lot of efforts are being made to reduce them, these adverse events still exist. It provides also evidence, from current published literature, that readmitted patients to the ICU have a much poorer prognosis and higher mortality rates compared with other hospitalized patients.

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Patients discharging the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) still need a high level of care because of the severity of their disease. In fact, they have an increased risk for readmission to the ICU. Moreover, urgent readmissions to the ICU are a widely used tool to assessment the quality of Health Care services. Although a lot of efforts are being made to reduce them, these adverse events still exist. It is noted that readmitted patients to the ICU have a much poorer prognosis, as its mortality rates are six times higher, and also have eleven times higher probability to die in hospital compared with other hospitalized patients.

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The concept of sustainability in anesthesia, referred as "Environmentally Sustainable Anesthesia", can be characterized by the safe perioperative management of equipment and medicines by the anesthesiologist, without harming the environment. Τhe term "Green Anesthesia" also relates to the priority to environmental sustainability even if the economic factor comes second, but in essence, sustainable and green anesthesia refer to common actions and practices. The problem of environmental impacts from anesthesiology practice arises when managing chemical agents to ensure the proper conditions for safe anesthesia administration, by pharmaceutical means and special techniques. The main problem is the Inhaled agents (Ν2Ο and volatile anesthetics), as part of them is released into the atmosphere by forming Wasted Anesthetic Gases (WAGs). It begins in the operating room and ends into the atmosphere. Atmosphere is essential for life on earth.

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Induction of anesthesia can be accomplished with intravenous or inhalational anesthetic agents, which have both desired and side effects. The aim of this study was to record, investigate and compare the hemodynamic profile of five different induction anesthetic agents in patients undergoing major vascular surgery. One hundred and fifty patients, who were scheduled for major vascular surgery, were randomly assigned into five groups according to the anesthetic agent that was used for anesthesia induction. The five agents used for anesthesia induction were: propofol [2mg/kg], thiopental [3mg/kg], etomidate [0.3mg/kg], midazolam [0.2mg/kg] and diazepam [0.3mg/kg]. Before induction of anesthesia patients were administered Ringer lactate to replace volume deficit due to preoperative fasting. Besides standard intraoperative monitoring, an arterial catheter and a pulmonary artery catheter were placed in all patients before anesthesia induction.

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