nondepolarizing neuromuscular blocking drugs

Thymoma is one of the most common tumors of the anterior mediastinum in adults, arising from thymic epithelial cells. Complete surgical resection is the treatment of choice in myasthenic patients with thymoma. A 41 year-old male, with myasthenia gravis and thymoma was scheduled for thymectomy. Ten months ago, he developed pneumonia. He had a history of pneumonia (10 months ago) complicated by severe adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), managed successfully with a short-term support with extracorporeal membrane lung assist device NovaLung. Long-term impairments in lung volume and diffusion capacity have been reported in adult respiratory distress syndrome survivors. Total intravenous anesthesia technique and especially muscle relaxants infusion require special attention in this group of patients. Our management strategies in this case included careful assessment of respiratory function, avoidance of premedication, use of short-acting anesthetic agents (propofol, remifentanil), use of suggamadex for reversal of rocuronium-induced neuromuscular block, and intraoperative monitoring with a train-of-four monitor and monitoring in an intensive care unit for 24 hours after surgery.

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