cardiac tamponade

Pericardial decompression syndrome (PDS) is a rare but eventually fatal syndrome, which occurs after pericardial drainage. In this report we describe a patient who suffered from cardiovascular collapse and pulmonary edema after pericardial drainage. A male patient aged 42yrs complained of progressive dyspnea over the past 2 months and presented with clinical signs of pericardial tamponade. The patient underwent a surgical subxiphoid pericardial drainage under general anesthesia and mechanical ventilation. After pericardial drainage of 2.2lt, the patient was transferred to the Intensive Care Unit, where he was extubated2 hours later. Immediately after extubation, he showed clinical signs of cardiovascular collapse and pulmonary edema. The patient was reintubated immediately and placed on mechanical ventilation. He was extubated after 12hrs. His postoperative course was uneventful and he was discharged from the hospital after a few days. Continue reading

The pericardial diseases result in cardiovascular perturbations ranging from asymptomatic electrocardiographic findings (in pericarditis of end-stage renal disease) to circulatory shock (in acute hemorrhagic pericardial tamponade). Despite of clinical features that resemble right-, or left-side failure, the clinical management of pericardial pathology may differ significantly from those of ventricular systolic or diastolic dysfunction. Therefore, prompt diagnosis and appropriate medical or surgical therapy is imperative.

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