Case Reports

Glycogen storage disease type Ia (GSD-Ia; Von Gierke disease) is an inherited disease caused by glucose-6-phosphatase deficiency. Perioperative management of patients with GSD has important implications for anaesthesiologists due to different system involvements. Continue reading
VACTERL syndrome presents many challenges related to anesthesia management due to multiple congenital malformations that may include vertebral, cardiac, tracheo-esophageal, renal and extremity anomalies. Continue reading
Glycogen storage disease type 1a is a rare inborn error of metabolism. It causes severe fasting intolerance and lactic acidosis due to the deficiency of glucose-6-phosphatase enzyme. Continue reading
Although Computed Tomographic Angiography (CTA) is the established gold standard test for the detection of an aortic dissection, many researches and studies have proofed and established that transesophageal echocardiogram (TEE) can rule in or rule out the diagnosis of this catastrophic disorder, with greater accuracy. Continue reading
Crigler Najjar Syndrome (CNS) is an ultra-rare autosomal recessive inherited disorder caused by a mutation in the uridine glucronyl 5’-diphosphate-glucronyl transferase (UGT) gene. Continue reading
Four patients (♂/♀: 1/3), aged 51, 52, 50 and 58 years old, who underwent general surgery procedures, suffered acute major blood loss intraoperatively. For the management of acute hemorrhage, 4ml/kg NaCl 7.5% were administered in each patient at the fastest possible rate through the existing intravenous line. Both standard monitoring and Oesophageal Doppler Monitoring (ODM) were applied and heart rate (HR), mean arterial pressure (BPmean), stroke volume (SV), peak velocity (PV), mean acceleration (MA) and corrected flow time (FTc) were recorded at six different phases, before blood loss (Phase 1), before and after completion of NaCl 7.5% administration (Phases 2 & 3), 10min and 20min after NaCl 7.5% administration (Phases 4 and 5) and at the end of the surgical procedure (Phase 6). Continue reading
Thoracic epidural anaesthesia (TEA) is frequently used for anaesthesia and analgesia in today's practice. Although cholecystectomy is a surgical procedure performed under general anaesthesia (GA), many studies in recent years have shown that neuraxial techniques can be used safely. We aimed to present the anaesthesia management under dexmedetomidine sedation with TEA in high-risk patients who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy surgeries. Both patients were of geriatric age and had several comorbidities. In patients, we preferred TEA to avoid the cardiorespiratory effects of GA. Preoperative preparation of patients with a multidisciplinary approach, cooperation, and close follow-up is essential in preventing complications. Continue reading
Choice of peritoneal dialysis over other renal replacement therapy modalities for adult critically ill patients is still limited; despite the data against it. The present article presents a case of peritoneal dialysis in a patient with intracerebral hemmorhage and reviews the relevant literature. Continue reading
Death is the reason for the existence of resuscitation. The Western definition of death has evolved continuously over the last three centuries. Today, the world recognizes two types of biological death: cardiac or “real” death (I,e. definitive cease of cardiac , respiratory and cerebral function) and encephalic death. The latter (brain death) has been accepted worldwide medically and legally as the biological state of death of the organism. Continue reading
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