The aim of this study was to compare the combination of oral tramadol and midazolam to oral midazolam alone, in children undergoing adenotonsillectomy, as an oral premedication, regarding also sedation and postoperative pain relief. Sixty children selected for elective adenotonsillectomy were enrolled in this randomized, controlled prospective study. Patients were randomly allocated into two groups. Group M (n=30) received 0.5 oral midazolam and group MT (n=30) received 0.2 oral midazolam with 1 oral tramadol as a premedication 30min preoperatively. Standard general anesthesia technique was used.

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The goal of this observesional study was to evaluate the improvement of the visual view of the la-rynx in neonates, infants and children with difficult airway using the Airtraq® Optical Laryngosco-pe, compared with visual views of the first conventional laryngoscopy with Macintosh blade. We studied clinical and/or laryngoscopic manifestations of difficult airway and advanced airway mana-gement of nine consecutive pediatric patients (2 neonates, 5 infants and 2 children) admitted from 1/1/2011 to 31/08/2012 for elective/emergency surgery or diagnostic procedure under general anes-thesia.

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